More recently birds of prey have suffered at the hands of farmers protecting their stock and their game birds. The great diversity of shorelines produces habitats for numerous types of invertebrate animals. People Ethnic groups and languages The English language is polyglot, drawn from a variety of sources, and its vocabulary has been augmented by importations from throughout the world.
Today the metropolitan area of London encompasses much of southeastern England and continues to serve as the financial centre of Europe and to be a centre of innovation—particularly in popular culture. Although they could be seen from about 20 leagues roughly km, or 60 nautical miles in clear weather, many a sea captain was afraid to hit the islands in the middle of the night, as happened to several ships bound The impact of geography on english colonies Australia.
Over the last half of the 20th century the number of people aged 65 and older almost doubled.
The Brookes mounted bloody military campaigns to suppress headhunting practiced at the time by many indigenous peoples of the interior and to incorporate especially the Iban into their domain; similar operations were carried out in North Borneo.
The impact of British rule The British presence in the region reflected several patterns: When war erupted again, it echoed once more in the Caribbean.
In Malaya the Malay sultans retained their symbolic status at the apex of an aristocratic social system, although they lost some of their political authority and independence.
Malaya already contained a Chinese minority of nearly 40 percent, with Malays barely in the majority there.
Sabah politics also were contentiouswith ongoing tensions between Muslim and non-Muslim groups. Albans or Brightonand within London there is a sense of belonging more to localities—such as Chelsea or Hampstead, which acquire something of the character of urban villages—than to the metropolis as a whole.
The geologic complexity of England is strikingly illustrated in the cliff structure of its shoreline. Rather, these empires expanded through the more traditional route of the conquest of neighboring territories. Malaya and British North Borneo developed extractive, plantation-based economies oriented toward the resource and market needs of the industrializing West.
Tunku Abdul Rahman believed the federation could defuse potential leftist Chinese activity while balancing the Chinese majority in Singapore with the non-Chinese majorities of the Borneo states.
European empires in the 20th century[ edit ] The major European empires consisted of the following colonies at the start of World War I former colonies of the Spanish Empire became independent before and are not listed; former colonies of other European empires that previously became independent, such as the former French colony Haiti, are not listed.
British authorities in Malaya devoted much effort to constructing a transportation infrastructure in which railways and road networks linked the tin fields to the coast; port facilities also were improved to facilitate resource exports.
Leached brown soils predominate in much of southern England. With its theatres, concert halls, museums, and art galleries, London is the cultural capital of the country.
Several canals in the region, including the Grand Junction and the Trent and Mersey, were used for commerce primarily from the late 18th to the early 20th century. The marine fishes are abundant in species and in absolute numbers. Spanish men-of-war arrived soon and scared off the intruding vessel, which returned soon thereafter to demand yet another rescate.
Not for nothing has the bumbershoot been the stereotypical walking stick of the English gentleman. The Japanese desperately needed access to the natural resources of Southeast Asia; they invaded Malaya in Decemberhaving neutralized American military power in Hawaii through the Pearl Harbor attack and in the Philippines through attacks on Manila.
Greenbelts have been mapped out for London and other conurbations. Political crises occurred periodically in Sarawak, although it was governed after by a Malay-dominated, profederal but multiethnic coalition that represented a triumph of peninsular alliance-style politics.
Yet commonalities are more important than these differences, many of which began to disappear in the era after World War IIespecially with the transformation of England from a rural into a highly urbanized society. For Sarawak and Sabah, politics within Malaysia proved to be a turbulent experience.
Loyalties are more specifically to towns, such as St. These were former pirates who now held a more venerable status as privateers. This is the dominant area of England and the most rapidly growing one, although planning controls such as greenbelts have restricted the urban sprawl of London since the midth century.
These territories were divided into three classes according to how quickly it was deemed that they would be ready for independence. The seafarers, explorers, and empire builders of modern history have imported foreign words, most copiously from Europe but also from Asia.
Dutch privateering became more widespread and violent beginning in the s. Kuala Lumpur became the federal capital.
With improvements in the transportation systems, however, nuclear and space research facilities, retailing, advertising, high-technology industries, and some services have moved to areas outside London, including SurreyBuckinghamshireand Hertfordshire.One of the fundamental English characteristics is diversity within a small compass.
No place in England is more than 75 miles ( km) from the sea, and even the farthest points in the country are no more than a day’s journey by road or rail from London.
First discovered by Juan Sebastian del Cano inthe remote islands of Amsterdam and St-Paul have hosted explorers, shipwrecks, commercial ventures, and now a vital scientific research community. The history of the Caribbean reveals the significant role the region played in the colonial struggles of the European powers since the 15th century.
InChristopher Columbus landed in the Caribbean and claimed the region for ltgov2018.com First Spanish settlements were established in the Caribbean starting in Although the Spanish conquests of the Aztec empire and the Inca empire in the.
One of the fundamental English characteristics is diversity within a small compass. No place in England is more than 75 miles ( km) from the sea, and even the farthest points in the country are no more than a day’s journey by road or rail from London.
The impact of British rule. The British presence in the region reflected several patterns: direct colonial rule in the Straits Settlements, relatively indirect control in some of the peninsula’s east-coast sultanates, and family or corporate control in ltgov2018.comless of the political form, however, British rule brought profound changes, transforming the various states socially and.
Soon after the voyages of Christopher Columbus to the Americas, both Portuguese and Spanish ships began claiming territories in Central and South ltgov2018.com colonies brought in gold, and other European powers, most specifically England, the Netherlands, and France, hoped to establish profitable colonies of their ltgov2018.comal rivalries made .Download